Commit 52c6e2eb authored by FS's avatar FS
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parent b5f7de7a
......@@ -28,43 +28,49 @@ This document was written in response to the Free Art License (FAL) in a process
## Definitions
« LEGAL AUTHOR » In the CC4r, LEGAL AUTHOR is used for the individual that is assigned as "author" by conventional copyright. Even if the authored work was never theirs to begin with, he or she is the only one that is legally permitted to license a work under a CC4r. This license is therefore not about liability, or legal implications. It cares about the ways copyright contributes to structural inequalities.
« CURRENT AUTHOR » can be used for individuals and collectives. It is the person, collective or other that was involved in generating the work created under a CC4r license. CURRENT and FUTURE AUTHOR are used to avoid designations that overly rely on concepts of 'originality' and insist on linear orders of creation.
« FUTURE AUTHOR » can be used for individuals and collectives. They want to use the work under CC4r license and are held to its conditions. All future authors are considered coauthors, or anauthors. They are anauthorized because this license provides them with an unauthorized authorization.
« LICENSE » due to its conditional character, this document might actually not qualify as a license. It is for sure not a Free Culture License. see also: UNIVERSALIST OPENNESS.
« (RE-)USE » the CC4r opted for bracketing "RE" out of necessity to mess up the time-space linearity of the original.
« OPEN <-> CLOSED » the CC4r operates like rotating doors... it is a swinging license, or a hinged license.
« UNIVERSALIST OPENNESS » the CC4r tries to propose an alternative to universalist openness. A coming to terms with the fact that universal openness is "safe" only for some.
## 0. Conditions
The invitation to (re-)use the work licenced under CC4r applies as long as the FUTURE AUTHOR is convinced that this does not contribute to oppressive arrangements of power, privilege and difference. These may be reasons to refrain from release and re-use.
If it feels paralyzing to decide whether or not these conditions apply, it might point at the need to find alternative ways to activate the work. In case of doubt, consult for example
## 1. OBJECT
## 1. Object
The aim of this license is to articulate collective conditions for re-use.
## 2. SCOPE
## 2. Scope
The work licensed under the CC4r is reluctantly subject to copyright law. By applying CC4r, the legal author extends its rights and invites others to copy, distribute, and modify the work.
### 2.1 Invitation to copy (or to make reproductions)
When the conditions under 0. apply, you are invited to copy this work, for whatever reason and with whatever technique.
### 2.2 Invitation to reproduce, or to perform in public
As long as the conditions under 0. apply, you are invited to distribute copies of this work; modified or not, whatever the medium and the place, with or without any charge, provided that you:
- attach this license to each of the copies of this work or indicate where the license can be found.
- make an effort to account for the collective conditions of the work, for example what contributions were made to the modified work and by whom, or how the work could continue.
- specify where to access other versions of the work.
### 2.3 Invitation to modify
As long as the conditions under 0. apply, you are invited to make future works based on the current work, provided that you:
- observe all conditions in article 2.2 above, if you distribute future works;
- indicate that the work has been modified and, if possible, what kind of modifications have been made.
- distribute future works under the same license or any compatible license.
## 3. Incorporation of the work
Incorporating this work into a larger work (i.e., database, anthology, compendium, etc.) is possible. If as a result of its incorporation, the work can no longer be accessed apart from its appearance within the larger work, incorporation can only happen under the condition that the larger work is as well subject to the CC4r or to a compatible license.
## 4. Compatibility
A license is compatible with the CC4r provided that:
- it invites users to take the implications of their appropriation into account;
- it invites to copy, distribute, and modify copies of the work including for commercial purposes and without any other restrictions than those required by the other compatibility criteria;
......@@ -72,18 +78,18 @@ A license is compatible with the CC4r provided that:
- it recognizes the CC4r as compatible (reciprocity);
- it requires that changes made to the work will be subject to the same license or to a license which also meets these compatibility criteria.
## 5. Legal Framework
Because of the conditions mentioned under 0., this is not a Free License. It is reluctantly formulated within the framework of both the Belgian law and the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works.
“We recognize that private ownership over media, ideas, and technology is rooted in European conceptions of property and the history of colonialism from which they formed. These systems of privatization and monopolization, namely copyright and patent law, enforce the systems of punishment and reward which benefit a privileged minority at the cost of others’ creative expression, political discourse, and cultural survival. The private and public institutions, legal frameworks, and social values which uphold these systems are inseparable from broader forms of oppression. Indigenous people, people of color, queer people, trans people, and women are particularly exploited for their creative and cultural resources while hardly receiving any of the personal gains or legal protections for their work. We also recognize that the public domain has jointly functioned to compliment the private, as works in the public domain may be appropriated for use in proprietary works. Therefore, we use copyleft not only to circumvent the monopoly granted by copyright, but also to protect against that appropriation.” [Decolonial Media License]
## 6. Your responsibilities
The invitation to use the work as defined by the CC4r (invitation to copy, distribute, modify) implies to take the implications of the appropriation of the materials into account.
## 7. Duration of the license
This license takes effect as of the moment that the FUTURE AUTHOR accepts the invitation of the CURRENT AUTHOR. The act of copying, distributing, or modifying the work constitutes a tacit agreement. This license will remain in effect for the duration of the copyright which is attached to the work. If you do not respect the terms of this license, the invitation that it confers is void.
If the legal status or legislation to which you are subject makes it impossible for you to respect the terms of this license, you may not make use of the rights which it confers.
## 8. Various versions of the license
You are invited to reformulate this license by way of new, renamed versions. [link to license on gitlab]. You can of course make reproductions and distribute this license verbatim (without any changes).
## User guide
......@@ -107,7 +113,7 @@ Any time you want to invite others to copy, distribute and transform authored wo
The Collective Conditions for re-use can be applied to digital as well as physical works.
You can choose to apply the CC4r for any text, picture, sound, gesture, or whatever material as long as you have legal author’s rights.
### Background of this license:
### Background of this license
The CC4r was developed for the Constant worksession Unbound libraries (spring 2020) and followed from discussions during and contributions to the study day Authors of the future (Fall 2019). It is based on the Free Art License and inspired by other licensing projects such as The (Cooperative) Non-Violent Public License and the Decolonial Media license
Copyleft Attitude with a difference, 6 October 2020.
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